Monday, July 24, 2017

Jones Gap/Bartram Trail hike with Larry Mellichamp on July 17, 2017

Thanks to Don Fisher for selecting and scouting the location and Larry Mellichamp for a wonderful “impromptu” walk at Jones Gap/Bartram Trail.
As we walked through beautiful lush woodlands, a sunny meadow and a rocky outcrop, we of course saw a variety of flora and Larry helped us identify them all.  He’s wonderful at giving us specific details for identifying and distinguishing species - with a great sense of humor and fun.
I’m hoping for “regular” impromptu trips with Larry.
Don Fisher has prepared a complete list of the many plants we saw and identified with Larry.

Helen Regnery has shared her plant notes from the walk and of course Karen’s photos perfectly capture the day:

Pale Jewelweed

lunch at a burned area with a view

Pale Corydalis


Joe Pye Weed

Greater Coreopsis


Helen Regnery provided her notes which will remind us of what we learned with Larry.
Thanks, Helen!
Leader: Larry Mellichamp
Jones Gap

Identified Plants
Botanical (Genus species) / Common Name


Magnolia fraseri / Frasier magnolia
All magnolias may be identified by the scar going around the stem. Frasier = 60Ft tall, large leaves resembles big leaf magnolia in leaf shape. Leaves simple, alternate; blades obovate to spatulate; conspicuously auriculate at base, 10-18” long. (wings at base)
Prunus serotine / Black Cherry
Note bark, huge tree, probably the most ubiguous tree in North America: Research – bark reddish brown; thin, smooth, taste and smell of bitter almond when bruised.
Tilia Americana / American basswood
Linden tree”; asymmetrical leaf, simple, alternate, leaf blade firm textured, widely ovate to heart-shaped
Oxydendrum arboretum / Sourwood
In bloom, distinguishing feature: drooping flower clusters, drooping fruit sprays last into winter, leaves long, greenish yellow, elliptical, finely toothed leaves and distinctive, deeply furrowed bark.
Chionanthus virginicus / Fringe Tree
Small specimen. Research: leaves simple, opposite, blades oblong to oval to 6” long, 2-3”wide, margins entire, upper surfaces glabrous, autumn foliage yellow. Flowers are clusters of white, fringed-like, fruit is bluish black drupes


Dryopteris marginalis / Marginal woodfern
Distinguishing feature: Sori along the margins, evergreen, clumps, stalk has scales, creeper
Dryopteris intermedia / Fancy fern

Athyrium asplenioides / Southern Lady Fern
Distinguishing feature: red stockings (LM); sori are in parallel rows on each pinnule, stipe is yellowish green or red, fronds are finely divided, delicate, and broadest at the base. Pinnae are alternate.
Diplazium pycnocarpon / Glade fern

Deparia acrostichoides / Silvery Glade Fern

Discussion on Glade fern and Silver glade fern ??
Glade Fern has clusters of pinna ascending to 1.5” to 3.5” tall, individual pinna are 2.75” long and 9” across. Simple pinnate (not divided), long slender, shiny, pinnae with smooth margins. (Sound like a giant fern)

Silvery Glade Fern is a perennial. Distinguishing features: Pinna is alternate, pinna rachis are have fine white hairs especially on underside (hence silvery); sori are slender and in two rows parallel to lateral veins, covered with a membrane that is silvery in appearance.
Hay Scented fern
Leaf 2 ft long, stipe is hairy


Aconitum sp / Monkshood

Levisticum officinale / Lovage
Culinary herb for celery-like flavor
Veratrum viride / False hellabore
Bloom is a tall spike, green flowers
Boehmeria cyindrica / False Nettle
Does not have stinging hairs as true nettle.
Hydrangea arborescens / Wild hydrangea

Hydrangea radiata / Snowy or silver leaf hydrangea
White under leaf; very wide spread (LM)
Arborescens” – leaves smooth and green underneath – common
Radiata” – leaves are whitish hairy underneath, rare, ssp of arborescens
Streptopus sp / Mandarin
Twisted stalks (white mandarin, rose mandarin)
Aristolochia durior / Dutchman’s pipe
Heart leaf – spectacularly large, years old; vine grows counterclockwise
Collinsonia candadensis / Horse Balm
Big leaves, crushed leaves = citronella smell
Chandler’s knight ?? misunderstood ??
Small, 2 petals, hairs on ovary, fruit
Silene stellate / Starry Champion
4 ft tall sparsely hairy stems, leaves lanceolate to ovate, 2-4” long and in whorls of 4, flowers star shaped with 5 fringed petals
Big Leaf Aster
Wood Aster
Counterpart of Big Leaf
Jewel weed (yellow)

Prenanthes serpentaria / Lion’s paw or foot
Bright green lobed leaves shaped like a Lion’s paw, white or yellow flowers, many petals, hanging like a bell from a slender stalk
Turks cap lily
Leaf broadest at the middle
Carolina lily
Leaf broadest at end (baseball bat)

Coreopsis major / tickseed
Leaves opposite, appears whorled but not
Milk pokeweed

Basil balm / Monarda clinopodia / Basil balm

Heads neddle
Little faces
Leaves arranged such that the top leaf does not shade the next below leaf
Twisted pipe vine

Mountain Clethera

Joe Pye weed – unusual
Pinker bloom and leaves are roughfulled
Blue eyed grass



Saxifraga michauxii / Mountain Saxifrage
Leaves basil rosette, leaves coarsely toothed, flowers white
Spike moss

- look for white Jewel weed

Here's the list from Don Fisher:  Thanks Don!
Jones Gap Area, Bartram Trail – July 17, 2017

Blue Monkshood (Aconitum uncinatum)
Dolls Eyes, White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda)
Tall Thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)
Tall Meadowrue (Thalictrum pubescens)
Goats Beard (Aruncus dioicus)
Bowman's Root (Gillenia trifoliata)
White Avens (Geum canadense)
Narrow leaved Bluet (Houstonia Sp.)
Michaux's Saxifrage (Hydatica petiolaris)
Solomon's Plume ( Maianthemum racemosum)
Turk's Cap Lily (Lilium superbum)
Indian Cucumber (Medeola virginiana)
Appalachian Bunchflower (Veratrum parviflorum)
Carrion Flower ( Smilax herbacea)
Large Flowered White Trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)
Catesbys Trillium (Trillium catesbaei)
Enchanters Nightshade (Circaea canadensis)
False Foxglove (Aureolavia Sp.)
Bear Corn (conopholis americana)
Cow Wheat (Melampyrum lineare)
Yellow Woodsorrel (Oxalis Sp.)
Jumpseed (Tovava virginiana)
Phlox (Phlox Sp.)
Whorled Loosetrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia)
Common Dodder (cuscuta gronovii)
Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)
Flame Azalea (rhododendron calendulaceum)
Flowering Spurge (Euphorbia corollata)
Hog Peanut (Amphicarpaea bracterata)
Naked-flowered Tick Trefoil (Desmodium nudiflorum)
Crown Vetch (Coronilla varia)
Wild Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens)
Pineweed (Hypericum gentianoides)
Spotted St. Johns Wort (Hypericum puncatum)
Northern Horsebalm (Collinsonia canadensis)
Basil Balm (Mondarda clinopodia)
Heal All (Prunella vulgaris)
Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum Sp.)
ZigZag Spiderwort (Tradescantia subaspera)
Downy Rattlesnake Orchid (Goodyera pubescens)
Poke Milkweed (Asclepias exalta)
Hedge Nettle (Stachys tenufolia)
Starry Campion (Silene stellata)
Lettuce (Lactuca Sp.)
Mountain Dwarf Dandelion (Krigia montana)
Dogbane (Apocynum Sp.)
Pale Indian Plantain (Arnoglossum atriplicifolium)
Lovage (Ligusticum canadense)
Mountain Angelica (Angelica triquinata)
Yellow Touch-me-not or Jewelweed (Impatiens pallida)
Greater Coreopsis (Coreopsis major)
Sweet Joe Pye Weed (Eutrochium purpureum)
Spotted Joe Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum)
Honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)
Yarrow (Achillia millefolium)
Deptford Pink (Dranthus armeria)
Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)
Southern Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla sesslifolia)
Clasping Venus' Looking Gladd (Triodamis perfoliata)
Dutchman’s Pipe (Isotrema macrophyllum)
Big Leaf Aster (Eurybia macrophylla)
Sand Hickory (Carya pallida)
Goldenrod (Solidago Sp.)
Tall Goldenrod (Solidago altissima)
Pale Corydalis (Corydalis sempervirens)

Sources of Plant Names:
      1. Wildflowers of Georgia and Surrounding States by Linda G. Chapin (2016)
      2. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide by Lawrence Newcomb (1977)